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Each condition varies

from one child

to another,

giving each child

complete uniqueness. ​

Special Needs:

A term used to refer to children

with developmental delays and

/ or learning difficulties / delays / disabilities.  


Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder that affects communication and behavior. Symptoms generally appear in the first two years of life.


Children with ASD may have:

• Difficulty in communication and interaction with other people.

• Restricted interests and repetitive behaviors.

• Delays in the ability to function in learning skills, school settings, most tasks, and other areas of life such as behavioral skills, social skills, and language/ speech skills.

Autism is known as a “spectrum” disorder because there is wide variation in the type and severity of symptoms people experience. Although ASD can be a lifelong disorder, treatments and services can improve the development and ability to function overcoming struggles.


ADHD is a condition where there are differences in the brain development and activity that affect attention, focus, concentration, hyperactivity, and impulsivity. Children may experience mild to severe struggles in the ability to sit still,, self-control, task completion and emotional dysregulation. ADHD can affect a child at school, at home, in friendships and with communication. 

A syndrome is a disease or disorder that has more than one identifying feature or symptom. Each particular genetic syndrome will have many typical features, depending on which aspects of development are affected by the abnormal genes or chromosomes. Syndromes are genetic trisomy disorders. 

These disorders have an impact on the development of the child with motor skills, language skills, cognitive skills, learning skills, behavioral and social skills. 


Intellectual disability is a term used to refer to limitations in a child's ability to learn and / or function at an expected level at a certain age.

Levels of intellectual disability vary greatly in children.

Children with intellectual disability might have a hard time letting others know their wants and needs, confusion in expressing themselves and a hard time taking care of themselves. Intellectual disability could cause a child to learn and develop at a slower rate than other children of the same age. It could take longer for a child with intellectual disability to crawl, speak, walk, dress, or eat without help, in addition to having trouble learning at school.


Learning disabilities, or learning disorders, are an umbrella for a wide variety of learning problems. A learning disability is not a problem with intelligence or motivation. Kids with learning disabilities aren’t lazy or dumb. In fact, most are just as smart as everyone else.

Children with learning disabilities have differences in the way their brain receives and processes information. 

Simply put, children and adults with learning disabilities see, hear, and understand things differently. This can lead to trouble with learning new information and applying skills, or putting information to use. The most common types of learning disabilities involve problems with reading, writing, math, reasoning, listening, and speaking.

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